Every era in human history has dealt with devastating floods. Some are a product of hurricanes; others stem from a volcanic eruption while most occur due to seasonal storms. But regardless of the cause, often property and lives are lost on a significant scale. In this article, you will learn how to survive a flood.
Millions of Americans currently live in floodplains and flood-prone areas. So, there’s a risk of becoming a flooding casualty –especially if you don’t know what you’re doing. But flooding can happen outside of floodplains as well. Even if you think you’re safe,
If your home is at risk, it’s in your best interest to prepare now. Get yourself, your home, and your family ready today for the possibility of a flood tomorrow.
Know Your Food
No two floods are identical, there are:
Burn scar floods
You must understand which flooding types are most likely for your area to properly prepare and ultimately survive a flood.
Preparing for a Flood
Consider Getting Flood Insurance
Getting flood insurance is a crucial step to surviving a flood financially. If you live in an area prone to flooding, purchase flood insurance.
You can master every trick in the book like sandbagging, pumping, or redirecting water, etc. But if you’re not covered by flood insurance you could lose everything financially – including your home.
Protecting Your Home From Water
If you know a flood is coming ahead of time, you should damn your property from the floodwaters. Damming your home and property is one of the best flood defense tactics.
Sandbags are the most cost-effective way to divert water away from your home. You’ll need to procure a bunch of bags, plastic, and sand. In extreme floods, getting your hands on enough of these can be a real challenge so stock up now, so you have what you need later.
If you already have plenty of sandbags, take some time to learn how to fill them and layer them properly for your sandbag wall to be most effective.
Now, sandbags will block and divert mild flooding but stacking a massive sandbag wall around your entire house will take thousands of sandbags and a lot of work. So, you’ll want to consider some alternative solutions.
The Aqua Dam is a much faster and larger-scale method to block and divert major water away from your home.
The key is to buy and install an Aqua Dam system that’s taller than the floodwaters at peak. This is hard to predict and the taller the dam, the more costly it to build. This might be an excellent investment to protect your home from massive flooding damage.
If you can’t use sandbags or water dams, or you just want extra protection, you should look into a door dam. Your doors are often the first place where floodwaters enter a home. So if you dam these weak spots, your home might stay dry against minor flooding.
A door dam is a plastic or metal plate with rubber seals around the edges that bolts or screws into place to create a dam at a door. It creates a watertight seal and keeps water from coming in under your door.
Research Your Home’s Electrical Disconnect
When the water is rising, and your house is in danger of mass flooding, you’ll want to cut your electricity. Otherwise, you run the risk of short-circuiting your electrical appliances. Shutting off power and gas is something to do before you evacuate to higher ground.
As soon as you know a flood is inevitable, shut your electricity down because water and electricity can result in electrical fires and gas explosions. You need to know where your electrical breaker is and which switches turn what off.
Stockpile Emergency Supplies
As with any disaster situation, having a large stock of emergency supplies is “common” sense.
Bottled water is one of the most important resources to have during a flood. Public water often becomes contaminated (or turned off completely) during a worst-case flood emergency.
You cannot rely on your tap water or any flood waters nearby drinking contaminated water can make you extremely sick or worse. Purchase a few packs of bottled water and keep them stored for emergencies.
Similarly, having food is vital. Stock up on lots of non-perishable food items like canned food and dehydrated meals.
You should also build a first aid kit, and learn how to use what’s in it. Basic medical knowledge can make the difference between life and death in a flood.
Stock up on flashlights and batteries, since the electrical grid likely to go out. Also, invest in long-lasting survival candles in the event you run out of batteries.
Bug spray is essential! Insects breed like crazy after a flood in the leftover standing water.
Neon paint is also useful in a disaster situation where rescue is the goal because it’s highly visible. Rescuers can see neon paint better than natural shades. If you’re using earth colors to write your “HELP!” messages, your chances of getting spotted are far lower than if you were to use neon pink.
As for storing these supplies, make sure you keep them elevated and off the ground– especially if they’re in a basement. If you to keep them in the basement, make sure to move them to higher points in your home before the flood.
Plan Your Evacuation Routes
The best way to survive a flood is to get away from it. Nowadays, people are often warned by weather systems or news broadcasts ahead of time. And if that’s the case, you want some potential evacuation routes you can take to escape the storm.
The obvious evacuation routes (interstates and highways) are prone to debilitating traffic jams. And getting stuck in your car during a rising flood may be worse than being trapped at home.
So map out several potential evacuation routes. Use back roads and pathways less likely to get congested by frantic flood runaways.
Keep a local map of your area handy in your flood supplies. Lay out three or four potential evacuation routes to higher ground and safer locations.
How To Survive a Flood
Once the flood hits, you enter the second stage of survival. If you’ve prepared, you have an excellent shot at getting through alive and well.
Turn Off Electricity and Gas
Find your house’s power switch and shut it down. Turn off your gas, too, as this can present explosive hazards. Do this before you evacuate so that your house doesn’t burn down or blow up in your absence.
Don’t waste any time. Pack your things, prepare your home, load your loved ones and get out! Early evacuation is the best, most efficient, way to survive a flood.
If you’ve prepared properly, there’s nothing else you can do to help your property and things. It’s best to leave your home and return once the flooding is subsiding.
Avoid Electrified Water
You can also get electrocuted when driving, running, swimming, or paddling your way through floodwaters. Electrified H20 occurs when electrical lines are downed during storms, and submerged in water. Even driving through it can electrocute you, and kill you.